The Alentejo is known as the 'granary of Portugal'. Most cities live predominantly based on:
Although the tourism sector has been gaining increasing expression as well as all services associated therewitht.
Other important activities in the region are:
- Production of regional products (typical cheeses, wines, smoked hams, sausages, etc.);
- Olive oil.
The Alentejo is characterized by its vast plains, with productive soils and a very specific eco-system, which are suitable for the cultivation of: citrus, grapes, olive, apples, wheat, cereals, watermelon, melon, herbs (parsley, coriander, mint, oregano, etc.), onions, lettuce, corn, potato, sunflower, tomato, beans, broad beans, peas, carrots, cabbage, etc.